Description[edit | edit source] homepage, Sept. 2008 homepage, July 2010

EvaPharmacy (previously known as is the organization which sponsors spammers to promote sites within what has previously been referred to as the Yambo Financials group of web properties. These include My Canadian Pharmacy, International Legal RX, Canadian Health&Care Mall, US Drugs, Canadian Family Pharmacy, Canadian Family Pharmacy, Toronto_Drug_Store, RxExpressOnline, RxMedications and others.

This was learned from postings on by username "ebulker", who would invite users to promote for their properties.

Please note that as of late 2008, they changed their domain name to, since a rash of domain shutdowns terminated the domain. still showed all the original branding of is now also terminated. On or around April 14th, 2009, suddenly announced that they were yet again changing domains, leaving the ICQ address of the individual known as "ebulker" [333192431].

Site is closed. Please contact ICQ 333192431 for new address.

According to Knujon and LegitScript, the brands previously part of the affiliate program are now part of an operation called "EvaPharmacy."

Eva Pharmacy brand websites were first discovered in 2007 loading content from sites. User EvaPharmacy made the first announcement of an affiliate program by that name on the forum in November 2009.

Although the public terms of service for EvaPharmacy state that spamming is not permitted, the affiliate program buys ad banners on forums like, on which members openly discuss spamming and hacking.

The website for, in contrast, openly advertised that affiliates were permitted to spam.

Acquisition of new spammers / mailers[edit | edit source]

Here is a posting from Mar. 14th, 2007 found on, posted by ebulker. It directly connects this operation to the abovementioned sites, and outlines their commission structure:


Joined: 19 Sep 2006
Posts: 28

Posted: Wed Mar 14, 2007 10:00 am
Post subject: newsletter for February 2007.

Last news:
- New portal "Men's Health" is going to be launched next Monday!
- "My Canadian Pharmacy" redesign will be rounded off soon.
- Next popular products were added in February:
norvasc, zyban, cymbalta

====== Features of =========

Resemble our feautures:
1. Daily payouts for all the affiliates (or on demand)
2. We pay wires, WebMoney, and Fethard
3. Popular sites with a great choice of products and high ratio (beginning from 1:30)
4. 5% referral system
5. Free personal domains (ability to add your domains to our servers)
6. We pay probable refunds & chargebacks ourselves
7. Live support (icq, skype messenger & e-mail)
8. "Bonus Timer" program. Bonus-money for the three best affiliates EVERY DAY
9. Free geocities accounts

================ TOP Products =============================

- Viagra
- Cialis Soft
- Cialis + Viagra
- Viagra Soft
- Cialis
- Ambien
- Soma

================ TOP Domains ===============================


Best Regards, Bulker.Biz Team

ICQ: 333192431
Skype: BulkerSupport
Bulker biz is:

- 40% affiliates comission
- Lot of very popular pharma products
- Daily payments
All you need for huge earnings!
ICQ: 333192431; e-mail:

Hijacked Unix / Linux Servers[edit | edit source]

As discussed in the My Canadian Pharmacy entry in detail, domains used in their spam campaigns were all hosted via hijacked, publicly owned Unix or Linux servers without their owners' knowledge or consent. This is achieved by gaining root access to these poorly-secured and often abandoned servers, and installing two custom-written Unix binaries known (as of this writing) as "tirqd" and "uirqd". These binaries act as proxy web hosts, drawing content from an as-yet-unknown third party server (tirqd), and a DNS proxy server (uirqd), often providing DNS services for hundreds of spamvertisable domains. This renders the cost of their web hosting to virtually zero, since they are in fact stealing the bandwidth from an unwitting third party who is unaware that their server has been compromised in any way.

Identity Theft and Credit Card Fraud[edit | edit source] / EvaPharmacy domains are routinely registered using the identity of an unwitting third party, using their name, address and phone number, and registering using their credit card. Information gathered via independent research has shown that in many cases these individuals are very ill and not computer literate, and often don't know what "domain registration" is. This research is ongoing but has uncovered several hundred such individuals who were unaware their contact information was used for the WHOIS data for hundreds of illicit "My Canadian Pharmacy" (and other / EvaPharmacy property) domains.

Notably the email address is always one which someone or some group at / EvaPharmacy have created to handle email questions only.

Unlawful practices[edit | edit source]

Drug Enforcement Administration[edit | edit source]

From DEA Consumer Alert


DEA Warning--Buying drugs online may be illegal and dangerous!

Federal law prohibits buying controlled substances such as narcotic pain relievers (e.g., OxyContin®, Vicodin®), sedatives (e.g., Valium®, Xanax®, Ambien®), stimulants (e.g., phentermine, phendimetrazine, Adderall®, Ritalin®) and anabolic steroids (e.g., Winstrol®, Equipoise®) without a valid prescription from your doctor. This means there must be a real doctor-patient relationship, which by most state laws requires a physical examination. Prescriptions written by "cyber doctors" relying on online questionnaires are not legitimate under the law.

Buying controlled substances online without a valid prescription may be punishable by imprisonment under Federal law. Often drugs ordered from rogue websites come from foreign countries. It is a felony to import drugs into the United States and ship to a non-DEA registrant.

Buying drugs online may not be only illegal, but dangerous. The American Medical Association and state boards of medicine and pharmacy have all condemned the practice of cyber doctors issuing online prescriptions as unacceptable medical care. Drugs delivered by rogue websites may be the wrong drugs, adulterated or expired, the wrong dosage strength, or have no dosage directions or warnings.

DEA is targeting rogue online pharmacies for prosecution and shutting down these illegal websites.

Food and Drug Administration[edit | edit source]

The FDA is working with a global law enforcement consortium -

  • World Customs
  • Department of Justice
  • Interpol
  • National health and law enforcement agencies from 99 participating countries

They have been vigorously pursuing the Eva Pharmacy sites, and using their powers to seize some of the more prevalent domains.

Examples of seizures:


They have issued a June 2013 press release explaining the operation.

Products / EvaPharmacy promotes[edit | edit source]

The list of products known to be promoted by this sponsor are:

How these fraud families are related[edit | edit source]

When the Eva Pharmacy domains are set up as web sites, there are common factors which show that they are from the same people, the Eva Pharmacy gang.

Shared Checkout[edit | edit source]

As at November 19, 2014, most of these operations transferred to the same web server to perform the check-out operation.

They all transferred to the same site, with variations on the prefix

Registrant Name: Privacy protection service -

On November 23 2014 the checkout site was changed to on the same Russian registrar and the same Russian privacy protection.

It can be seen that Russian registrar R01.RU who protects over 1,650 Eva pharmacy fraud domains, and also protects the checkout operation.

Brands going through this checkout include

  • Men's Health
  • WikiPharmacy
  • US Drugs
  • Toronto Drugstore
  • Canadian Family Pharmacy
  • Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy
  • My Canadian Pharmacy
  • Canadian Health&Care Mall

The site has an SSL certificate issued by COMODO RSA and the connection uses 128-bit TLS 1.2 encryption issued Nov 19 2014 to * with expiry Nov 20 2015.

Shared name servers[edit | edit source]

An examination of the IP addresses of the name servers across the fraud families show that they are residing on the same IPs. Take one example, IP

All of these name servers are authoritative for the domains across all of the Eva Pharmacy categories. That means they are owned by the same people.

Shared hosting addresses[edit | edit source]

An examination of the IP addresses used for hosting these fraud domains shows that all families share the same IPs. Take for example address - six of the families shared it in June 2016 -

ISP Support[edit | edit source]

Common IP addresses[edit source]

A quick way to verify these sites is to examine the hosting addresses. Note that * items have been removed. Many compromised hosts used for this operation during September 2020 - January 2021 were located at these IPs.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -


Where to contact the compromised hosting ISP:

Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is '' (Removed)
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is '' (Removed)
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is '' (Removed)
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is '' ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for '' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''
Abuse contact for ' -' is ''

Highest used IP addresses from November 2020 IPabuses.jpg

Sample sites[edit | edit source]

Here is a selection from over 500 live sites in October 2020, on the same IP

   Domain name           Fraud type                     Sponsoring Registrar	My Canadian Pharmacy	R01-RU	My Canadian Pharmacy	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	My Canadian Pharmacy	R01-RU	My Canadian Pharmacy	R01-RU	My Canadian Pharmacy	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	My Canadian Pharmacy	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	CanadianPharmacy	R01-RU
...	CanadianPharmacy	R01-RU	CanadianPharmacy	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	CanadianPharmacy	R01-RU	CanadianPharmacy	R01-RU	CanadianPharmacy	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU	Canadian Health&Care Mall	R01-RU

All of these frauds are registered with the same Russian registrar, and at one time they all shared the same hosting IP address. This supports the statement that all frauds come from the same perpetrators.

Selection of registrars[edit | edit source]

Historically, each family of fraud is spread over a common subset of registrars. For example, over the 2015 year, the most frequently abused registrars for the highest spammed families were

1764 PSI-USA, INC. DBA DOMAIN ROBOT (abandoned)
 978 NAMESILO, LLC (abandoned)
 459 CLOUD GROUP LIMITED (abandoned)
1545 PSI-USA, INC. DBA DOMAIN ROBOT (abandoned)
1026 NETLYNX, INC. (abandoned)
 892 NAMESILO, LLC (abandoned)
 370 CLOUD GROUP LIMITED (abandoned)
148 PSI-USA, INC. DBA DOMAIN ROBOT (abandoned)
 91 NETLYNX, INC. (abandoned)
 68 CLOUD GROUP LIMITED (abandoned)
23 NETLYNX, INC. (abandoned)
21 NAMESILO, LLC (abandoned)
10 CLOUD GROUP LIMITED (abandoned)
23 NETLYNX, INC. (abandoned)
11 NAMESILO, LLC (abandoned)

By 2017/2018 most of these abused registrars were so effective in shutting them out, they were abandoned by the Eva perpetrators leaving R01.RU as the only sponsor.

Naming patterns[edit | edit source]

Naming patterns are common across the whole family.

  • One pattern comprises the concatenation of two forenames. For example -

  • Another pattern concatenates medical terms.

For example -
  • This pattern uses a common string, eg "lucky"

  • Another common string is "your"
  • Another common string is "hot"

Other common naming strings are "magic" (,, "medical" (,,, "medicinal", "natural", "online", "organic", "perfect", "pure", "remedial", "safe", "secure", "smart", "trusted"

The identification of common naming patterns further demonstrates that all of these brands of frauds belong to the same perpetrators - the Eva Pharmacy gang. These commonly named domains spread across the full Eva brand family -

Canadian Health&Care Mall
My Canadian Pharmacy
Canadian Neighbor Pharmacy
Canadian Family Pharmacy
Toronto Drugstore
Canadian Family Pharmacy
Online Pharmacy
Men's Health

Summary of common factors[edit | edit source]

  • 1. The same registrars are being selected with the same frequency by these perpetrators.
  • 2. They are hosting their domains on the same common IP addresses.
  • 3. All Eva Pharmacy name servers are authoritative for domains across the whole family.
  • 4. The name servers across the whole family reside on the same IP addresses.
  • 5. Domains follow a common naming pattern across the whole family.

Sample EvaPharmacy domains, brands and abused registrars[edit | edit source]

From December 2012 to August 2014 there has been a concerted anti-fraud campaign against these unlawful pharmacy domains. An historical list showing the domain names, brands and registrars providing the domain name service is listed above.

The data that the following table summarizes is on public display at the FraudReports web site with a "Rogues and Champions" summary table by registrar

A list of the most abused registrars, counting the frequency of occurrences of domain registrars, ordered by most to least frequent. The responsiveness is based on how many reports were acted upon, and how quickly.

Registrar Reputation
R01.RU refuses to act 0%
DOMAINCONTEXT 100% compliant
REGRU-REG-RIPN / REG.RU 100% compliant after one week delay
REGISTRYGATE GMBH 100% compliant
UNITED-DOMAINS AG 100% compliant
NIC.AT 100% compliant
InterNetworX Ltd. & Co. KG 100% compliant
LCN.COM LTD. 100% compliant
NAMEBAY 100% compliant
0101 INTERNET INC. 100% compliant
MAILCLUB SAS 100% compliant
EURODNS S.A 100% compliant
INTERNET.BS 100% compliant
NEW DREAM NETWORK LLC 100% compliant
TUCOWS DOMAINS INC. formerly 100% compliant slow to act in 2018
UA.SHOST / NIC.UA 100% compliant
REGISTER.COM INC. 100% compliant
KEY-SYSTEMS GMBH 100% compliant
TRUNKOZ aka OWNREGISTRAR 100% compliant fastest response, under 6 hours
NAMESILO LLC 100% compliant
NETLYNX INC. 100% compliant
TODAYNIC,COM, INC 100% compliant
BIZCN.COM, INC responds to LegitScript and ICANN requests - very slow to act in 2018, 2-3 months
NAUNET-REG-RIPN unresponsive and unhelpful (12 month expiries) 40%

Registrar compliance[edit | edit source]

This graph shows the most number of fraud domains suspended by registrars SuspendedReg.JPG

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